The castle dominates the city of Bratislava - to which the first written reference is related in the annals of Salzburg of 907, in association with a battle between Bavarians and Hungarians. The castle's hill was populated as early as the late Stone Age, while the first known inhabitants were the Celts who had founded a fortified settlement here – 'Oppidum'. For four centuries, the border of the Roman Empire 'Limes Romanus' ran through the area. During the Greater Morovian Empire, Slavs built a fortress that became a significant centre for the time. In the 10th century, Bratislava became an integral part of the growing Hungarian state, with a palace of stone and the church of St. Salvator and its chapter being built on the castle hill in the 11th century. In the 15th century, in the reign of Sigismund of Luxembourg, the castle was built in Gothic style as an anti-Hussite fortress. During this time, a new entrance to the castle was built on the eastern side - Sigismund gate, while 7-metre thick fortification walls were built on the western side and a castle well was constructed in 1437. Its depth is 85 m while the water table has a depth of 42 m. In the 16th century, King Ferdinand ordered the rebuilding of the castle in Renaissance style, while in the 17th century, when the castle became the seat of hereditary province chief Pálffy, it was rebuilt in a baroque style. In the reign of Maria-Theresa, the castle was arranged for the needs of her son-in-law - governor Albert of Saxony and Tessen, who was a fervent collector of arts and who installed his works at the castle. This collection was later moved to Vienna to become today's Albertina gallery. In the reign of Joseph II, the castle housed a general seminary to educate priests. Later, it served as barracks for soldiers until it burnt down in 1811. The present reconstruction was carried out as late as 1953 - 1968. Today the castle serves as a representative for the Slovak National council and houses the collections of the Slovak National Museum, exhibitions of Jewels from the ancient past, as well as the Museum of History.
Comments from our visitors:
Apolló wrote on 08.10.2009 at 15:50:24:
I am magyar and as we know, Pozsony was the centre of Magyarország till it was cut... I'm just wondering why you don't choose a slovak originated castle for your Slovak National council... ADMIN: The castle is not the seat of the national council. I wonder why you don't choose a Hungarian originated website to make your chauvinist comments.
Zdenko Petrovic wrote on 24.11.2007 at 09:12:03:
I am Croatian, for last 30 years always visiting castle and always find it nice and interesting place, even my children like it very much. I recomend to all visitors to go there as also they can see entire city.
Svetia Deshais wrote on 08.07.2007 at 17:32:39:
Hi, I am slovkian but live in UK.I am taking all my 16 friends from here to visit Bratislava and would like to know opening hours of castle and fees, and if there are any events happening in August weekend 03.08.07.
Israel Muniz wrote on 09.06.2006 at 20:33:17:
is there a fee that must be paid to enter the castle or is it free to the public?
Vivian M. Koch wrote on 25.03.2006 at 16:58:19:
Since my husband's great...grandfather was Count Eugene Palffy, I was wondering if you could give me a history site on the net so that I could learn more about the family (and palaces.) Thank you.
F Lee wrote on 27.12.2005 at 23:22:49:
Hello. What are the opening hours/ days and is a reservation neededed to visit the castle ?