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Wartime Bratislava

The growing influence of Hitler in Central Europe reached its peak in March 1939 with the disintegration of Czechoslovakia. Protectorate under Nazi administration was established in the Czech territory. Slovak politicians were called on by Hitler to decide on the further fate of Slovakia. Out of two alternatives– division of Slovakia among Poland, Hungary and the Protectorate of Czechia and Moravia or establishment of an independent state, the then political leadership made up their minds for the second alternative. Thus the independent Slovak State was established, whose 6-year existence remains a controversial chapter in our history unresolved to the present day.

During the existence of the Slovak State, Bratislava became a capital for the first time. The town was the seat of the President, Parliament, Government and all offices of state administration. However, it also lost part of its territory - PetrĎalka and Devín were annexed to Germany. By the end of the war, Bratislava, as a capital city of an allied country of Hitlerian Germany, was bombed by the US Air Force. On 4 April 1945 , Bratislava was liberated by Stalin's red army.

Comments from our visitors:

karol3 wrote on 12.06.2006 at 14:01:40:
I forgot to add: at the time we did not know what the Germans were doing to the Russians in Russia. The Germans we knew, incl. the soldiers, were like us. The Russians, on the other hand, came like barbarians: looting, shooting, raping. They shot the local barber, a twenty-something lad, in cold blood. His neglected grave is still in the forest at the top of Pekna cesta. They shot on sight any German soldier left behind, regardless of his raised hands.

karol3 wrote on 12.06.2006 at 13:44:14:
Sorry, didn't notice the language: we were living near what is called Pekna cesta now. The Germans passed peacefully, both along Racianska and Pekna, the Russians turned up a day or two later. I heard some shooting from the direction of mountains above Sv. Jur. As to the date, the Russians came after the Easter, whatever date it was.

Sylvie MarteL wrote on 14.04.2006 at 04:12:33:
I would like to find out more details of the last days of battle from april 1st until april 4th 1945.

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